Do's & Don'ts

Do’s and Don’ts in safe use of pesticides for the farmers while purchasing and using:

While Purchasing
  • Purchase pesticides/biopesticides only from registered pesticide dealers having valid License.

  • Purchase only just required quantity of pesticides for single operation in a specified area.

  • See approved labels on the containers/packets of pesticides.

  • See Batch No., Registration Number and Date of Manufacture / Expiry on the labels.

  • Purchase pesticides well packed in containers.

  • Do not purchase pesticides from foot path dealers or from un-licensed person.

  • Do not purchase pesticide in bulk for Whole season.

  • Do not purchase pesticides without approved label on the containers.

  • Never purchase expired pesticide.

  • Do not purchase pesticides whose containers are leaking/loose/ unsealed.

During Storage
  • Store the pesticides away from house premises.

  • Keep pesticides in original containers.

  • Pesticides/weedicides must be stored separately.

  • Where pesticides have been stored, area should be marked with warning signs.

  • Pesticides are stored away from the reach of the children and livestock.

  • Storage place should be well protected from direct sunlight and rain.

  • Never store pesticide in house premises.

  • Never transfer pesticides from original to other containers.

  • Do not store insecticides with weedicides.

  • Do not allow children to enter the storage place.

  • Do not allow children to enter the storage place.

  • Pesticides should not be exposed to sunlight or rain water.

While handling
  • Keep pesticides separate during transportation.

  • Bulk pesticides should be carried tactfully to the site of application

  • Never carry/transport pesticides along with food/fodder/other eatable articles.

  • Never carry bulk pesticides on head, shoulder or on the back.

While preparing spray solution
  • Always use clean water.

  • Use protective clothing’s viz., hand gloves, face masks, cap, apron, full trouser, etc. to cover whole body.

  • Always protect your nose, eyes, ears, hands, etc. from spill of spray solution.

  • Read instructions on pesticide container label carefully before use.

  • Prepare the solution as per requirement.

  • Granular pesticides should be used as such.

  • Avoid spilling of pesticides solutions while filling the spray tank.

  • Always use recommended dosage of pesticide

  • No activities should be carried out which may affect your health.

  • Do not use muddy or stagnant water.

  • Never prepare spray solution without wearing protective clothing.

  • Do not allow the pesticide/its solution to fall on any body parts.

  • Never avoid reading instructions on container’s label for use.

  • Never use left out spray solution after 24 hours of its preparation.

  • Do not mix granules with water.

  • Do not smell the spray tank.

  • Do not use overdose which may affect Plant health and environment

  • Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew during whole operation of pesticides

Selection of Equipment
  • Select right kind of equipment.

  • Select right sized nozzles.

  • Use separate sprayer for insecticides and weedicides.

  • Do not use leaky or defective equipment.

  • Do not use defective/non- recommended nozzles. Do not blow/clean clogged nozzles with mouth. Instead use tooth brush tied with sprayer.

  • Never use same sprayer for both weedicides and insecticides.

While applying spray solutions
  • Apply only recommended dose and dilution.

  • Spray operation should be conducted on cool and calm day.

  • Spray operation should be conducted on sunny day in general.

  • Use recommended sprayer for each spray.

  • Spray operation should be conducted in the wind direction.

  • After spray operation, sprayer and buckets should be washed with clean water using detergent/soap.

  • Avoid the entry of animals/workers in the field immediately after spray.

  • Never apply over-dose and high concentrations than recommended.

  • Do not spray on hot sunny day or strong windy conditions.

  • Do not spray just before rains and immediately after the rains.

  • Emulsifiable concentrate formulation should not be used for spraying with battery operated ULV sprayer.

  • Do not spray against wind direction.

  • Containers and buckets used for mixing pesticides should never be used for domestic purpose even after thorough washing.

  • Never enter in the treated field immediate after spray without bearing protective clothing’s.

After Spray Operations
  • Left over spray solutions should be disposed off at safer place viz. barren isolated area.

  • The used/empty containers should be crushed with stone/stick and buried deep in soil away from water sources.

  • Wash hands and face with clean water and soap before eating/smoking.

  • On observing poisoning symptoms give the first aid and show the patient to doctor. Also show the empty container to doctor.

  • Left over spray solution should not be drained in or near ponds or water lines etc.

  • Empty containers of pesticides should not be re-used for storing other articles.

  • Never eat/smoke before washing clothes and taking bath.

  • Do not take the risk by not showing the poisoning symptoms to doctor as it may endanger the life of the patient.

Effects of pesticides on human health