Kids Corner

Possible health Effects


Children are in very close contact with their toys and frequently put them into their mouth. Therefore, it is very likely that hazardous chemicals in the toys may enter the body of the child. Children will not poison themselves from toys. But they start collecting substances in their body, which over time and when accumulating, may cause serious health problems, such as cancer or reproductive disorders. The fertility of young men and young women is suspected to decrease, among other due to exposure to chemicals, which may also be contained in toys.

Uses

Hazardous chemicals

Possible health effects

Used in products

Various dyes and pigments

Aniline

Very toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic

Dolls

Various dyes and pigments

Azocolourants

Carcinogenic, causes allergies

Dolls, cuddly toys, wooden toys, plastic

Dyes and pigments: create the red, orange, and yellow pigments

Cadmium

Carcinogenic, toxic by inhalation, impairs fertility, disrupts development of children’s brains

Dolls, wooden toys, plastic

Dyes and pigments: create the green, orange, and yellow pigments

Chromium

Carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic: causes severe burns, impairs fertility.

Dolls, cuddly toys, wooden toys, electronic toys

Dyes and pigments: create the red, orange, and yellow pigments

Lead

Carcinogenic and impairs fertility. Effects on the developing brain

Dolls, wooden toys, plastic, electronic toys

Fire retardant

Brominated flame retardants

Persistent, bio-accumulative, toxic; some kinds are also classified as carcinogenic, toxic, disrupting the reproductive system; some disrupt the hormone system

Dolls, cuddly toys, plastic, electronic toys

Bind pigments to the cloth. Fire retardant. Wrinkle resistance. Water repellence. Adhesive in wood products

Formaldehydes and formaldehyde releasers (e.g. benzylhemiformal, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol, 5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane, diazolidinyl urea, Imidazolidinyl urea, Quaternium-15, DMDM Hydantoin).

Irritates mucous membranes and skin, can cause hypersensitivity, carcinogenic (nasal pathway)

Cuddly and wooden toys

Water, grease and soil repellence

Perfluorinated chemicals (PFC)

Carcinogenic, disrupts fertility

Dolls, cuddly toys

A main component in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics, epoxies, and epoxy resin

Bisphenol-A (BPA)

Disrupts the reproductive and hormone system, and increases the risk of cancer

Dolls, plastic, electronic toys

Plastic stabiliser. Surfactant in processing textiles

Nonylphenol
(ethoxylates)

Endocrine disruptor, persistent, accumulates in the environment

Dolls, cuddly toys, plastic

Plastic stabiliser, usually found in clear plastic

Organotin compounds

Irritates the eyes and skin, toxic to the reproductive system, if ingested is harmful to the central nervous system, endocrine system and reproductive system.

Dolls, cuddly toys, wooden toys, plastic

Plasticiser

Chlorinated paraffins

Carcinogenic, disrupts the hormone system

Dolls, plastic, electronic toys

Plasticiser, usually found in soft plastic, pellets for stuffing cuddly toys. Can also be used as a synthetic fragrance compound in scented toys

Phthalates

Disrupts development and the hormone system Impairs fertility

Dolls, cuddly toys, plastic and electronic toys

Antibacterial agent

Triclosan

Can cause allergies and bacterial resistance, disrupts the endocrine system

Dolls, cuddly toys and plastic